Mumbai’s real estate sector is cautiously optimistic about the new single window online application system for processing construction permits unveiled by MCGM, one of Asia’s oldest municipal corporations. As per MCGM’s assessment the system, if implemented, would result in a 52% reduction in the number of permissions required to obtain building approvals. If the reforms also succeed in bringing down the costs involved in obtaining permits, the resulting savings are likely to passed on to consumers, making housing more affordable and boosting the absorption of real estate in the city.

Massive Upgrade To Currently Inefficient And Bureaucratic Approval Process

Earlier, a building construction proposal in Mumbai required a series of approvals from about 30-35 different departments of the municipal corporation, the state government and various central government agencies. (See Exhibit A). Under the new system, developers will require 58 certifications as against earlier 119, a reduction of 52% in number of approvals, no objection certificates (NOCs) and BMC remarks. MCGM expects that the new system will cut the approval timeline for a building project to 60 days as against the earlier 1-2 years.

Sweeping Reforms

The reforms aim to drastically reduce the turnaround time for issuing construction permits, and envisage an overhaul of the existing permit workflow mechanism.

The salient features:

  • Re-engineering of processes to save time spent on inter-departmental clearances
  • Processing of ‘No objection’ certificates (NOCs) by MCGM’s various departments even before the application for permits is submitted (pre-application processing)
  • NOCs to be issued for the full potential of the plot
  • Weeding out of avoidable processes. The earlier 119 approvals, NOCs, and/or remarks required for a single project have been reduced to 58 – a 52% reduction
  • Use of self-certification (by developers) for approvals related to debris removal, property tax and pest control
  • Use of MCGM pre-approved external consultants for approvals related to internal layout, internal sewerage system and STP, parking layout and maneuverability within plot, storm water drainage, mechanical and electrical works, and gardens
  • Use of ‘deemed’ clearances wherein a delay in issuing an approval by a department beyond a pre-specified duration (ranging from 7 to 30 days) would result in automatic ‘deemed’ approval
  • Simultaneous issuance of IOD and plinth CC within a period of 30 days from the receipt of proposal including site visit and approval to concessions, if any, from the competent authorities
  • Commencement Certificate (further CC) to be issued within 15 days from the date of application and submission of requisite compliances
  • OCC and BCC to be issued simultaneously within 15 days of application and requisite compliances
  • Integration with state and central government departments has begun – approvals from Airport Authority of India (AAI) and Ancient Monument approval from Archeological Survey of India (ASI) have been integrated into the new system

Massive Backlog Will Severely Test Reforms, Single Window System

An acid test of the proposed reforms and single-window clearance will be the quick disposal of a massive backlog of building proposals that are in various stages of the approval cycle. An analysis of the number of proposals received and clearances granted by MCGM for projects in Greater Mumbai over the last decade shows an alarming trend:

MCGM permits -Quick Reference (For complete list of all approvals, See Exhibit A)rn mcgm 1

Source: FICCI

rn mcgm 2

Note: Data for 2012-13 is presently not available

Data source: MCGM and RTI activist Shri Anil Galgali

Throughout the last decade, there has been a massive gap between new building proposals submitted to the MCGM for approval and the number of proposals that were given the final clearance – the BCC. On an average, 1500 projects have entered the system for approval each year, while MCGM granted only 730 OCCs and 118 BCCs. This suggests that there has been mounting backlog of projects which have yet to receive one or more approvals. There could be several projects which, despite receiving the IOD and CC, may not have received the OCC and BCC and will likely have to wait for a long time if they are to get the final approval at all.

rn mcgm 3

Source: MCGM Web site and RTI activist Shri Anil Galgali

Shocking as it may seem, the building proposals that received OCC have averaged at just around 46% of the number of new proposals that entered the process for approval over the last decade. The proposals that received the ultimate approval of BCC averaged a mere 4% in 2013-14. The reformed workflow mechanism would have to process not just new building proposals, but also cope with the massive volume of proposals that are pending further approvals.

Integration With State And Central Government Departments A Key Challenge

Many of the approvals required for a building proposal in the city are granted by state and central government departments. Mindful of this, Chief Minister Fadnavis has directed the MCGM to integrate all state and central government permissions within the single-window system.

MCGM has started work on this front by integrating approvals from AAI and ASI, both central government agencies, within the single window system. However, some important processes are yet to be integrated – a point in case is environmental clearance. Presently, all building projects in the country having a total built-up area of 20,000 sq.m. or more (including FSI and non-FSI area) need to be cleared by the State Environmental Impact Assessment Authority (SEIAA) of the respective state. Amendments made to the law in January 2014 make it mandatory for developers in the state to first get all projects sanctioned by the local planning authority (MCGM) and only then approach the State Expert Appraisal Committees (SEAC II governs Mumbai ) and SEIAA to obtain environmental clearances.

In effect, developers now have to obtain IOD from MCGM before approaching SEAC II and SEIAA for environmental clearance. Earlier, developers simultaneously approached both MCGM and SEAC II for clearances in order to expedite the approval process, which takes between 6-24 months. With the amended rules, the project approvals have been delayed further. The graph below plots the number of applications made to SEAC II to secure its recommendation for environmental clearance over the last 5 years. A sharp drop can be seen in applications dated 2014.

rn mcgm 4

* Applications received up to March, 2015

Source: State Expert Appraisal Committee

Environmental clearance is just one of the many approvals required from state or central government departments. There are several other approvals that pose significant hurdles that are yet to be integrated, such as clearances from the State Pollution Control board, NOC from State Coastal Zone Management Authority (in case of CRZ land). Each of these clearances can take anywhere from 2-6 months. The single-window for permits would be only be truly effective if it brings all approvals and sub-approvals required from central and state government departments within its ambit.

Genuine Single-Window Will Enable Quick Turnaround And Boost Developer Productivity, Re Supply And Economic Growth

It is common knowledge that developers in the city employ significant resources – both human and financial – specifically for obtaining building permits from MCGM. The practice of employing generously remunerated ‘specialist’ staff with expertise in liaising with the labyrinth of MCGM departments is also well-known. According to the World Bank’s Doing Business report 2014, the costs incurred in obtaining construction permits in Greater Mumbai amount to an eye-popping 46% of the total cost of construction, as against 0.4% in Hong Kong and 0.3% in Singapore. This clearly indicates the abnormally high cost of obtaining permits in the city. This is a situation which a transparent, single-window would be expected to remedy. A reduction in project cost will provide developers the leg-room to bring down prices, leading to demand revival in the real estate sector.

A Transparent, It Enabled System Will Eliminate Information Asymmetry

Another significant benefit of an IT enabled system would be the elimination of or reduction in the information asymmetry that currently plagues the real estate sector. Timely availability of building permit information to potential buyers would help avert situations such as the infamous Campa Cola case, wherein the residents of this housing project claim that they were unaware of the building’s legal status when they purchased their apartments. An IT-enabled system will empower citizens with timely and correct information on the approval status of projects, allowing them to make informed decisions.

Whether the new single-window system succeeds in actually cutting the time required for obtaining approvals remains to be seen. That said, speedy implementation of the system would be a transformative development in the city’s real estate sector, and resonate with the ruling dispensation’s intent to boost the country’s ‘Ease of doing business’ rankings.

rn mcgm 5

Exhibit A – Source: FICCI


  • World Bank Doing Business Report 2014
  • Circular issued by the Municipal commissioner on April 18, 2015
  • ‘Approval Process for Real Estate Projects in Maharashtra (Mumbai) & Suggestions to Streamline the system’ – FICCI
  • ‘Single window clearance: Fadnavis pat for BMC’ – The Hindu
  • ‘Maharashtra halves number of permits for constructions’ – The Hindu

Ramesh Nair, COO – Business & International Director, JLL India



  • China’s biggest developer Wanda signed an MoU with Haryana earlier this year; more developers from China and Japan are expected to follow suit
  • Large residential and industrial projects of particular interest

Given the current prime minister’s focus on improving India’s stature amongst the global investment community, there has been a big change in India’s image as a business and economic hub. After 100% foreign direct investment (FDI) was allowed into the real estate industry, it was only a matter of time before foreign developers made big investment announcements.

One of China’s most prominent developers, Dalian Wanda Group, signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) earlier this year with the northern state of Haryana to develop ‘Wanda Industrial New City’. The investment ofUSD 10 billion, phased out over the next decade, is a very significant outlay by any Chinese company in India.

Other Chinese developers are also interested in India and most likely to follow suit. A MoU signed between China Fortune Land Development Company Private Limited (CFLD) and Haryana state will see large format industrial parks come up in the state. Gezhouba, another prominent Chinese construction company, has in-principle agreed to invest INR 10,000 crore in irrigation projects in Telangana state.

It will be interesting to see if larger deals are signed in 2016. With China experiencing a slowdown in their own economy, the developers there will get an opportunity to benefit from India’s growth story. The Wanda investment will be one of its biggest, so far. It is also bigger than most deals that other Chinese companies investing abroad carried out in 2015.

Even for the Indian real estate industry, it will be among the biggest investments in the residential and retail asset classes by a foreign developer. Increased participation by foreign players is expected to help in the development of quality projects, which will benefit end-users and simultaneously create opportunities for Indian investors too.

It will be interesting to observe the implications of Wanda’s strategy and the innovations such foreign players bring to India as they compete with local and well-established players to capitalise on the opportunities that India gives them now.

Foreign developers are also going to look at partnering with their Indian counterparts. Interestingly, large residential projects are of particular interest to other Chinese developers. It remains to be seen if commercial asset class also gets on their radar in the near future.

The Wanda Deal

Wanda plans to invest USD 10 billion in the next 10 years to construct industrial townships, retail and residential developments. According to media reports, construction of the phase-I of ‘Wanda Industrial New City’ is likely to begin in 2016 and it will be spread over 1,300 hectares. It will comprise an industrial park that will house companies from various sectors, such as software, automotive manufacturing, machinery, health care, education and other industries. The first phase is anticipated to be completed in the next 3-5 years.

The Japanese could be next

Japanese and Chinese private equity investors are also looking at entering India’s real estate sector. Japanese developers are keen to explore strategic partnerships and enter into joint ventures with Indian builders, and are particularly interested in industrial projects. There is likely to be an inflow of at least USD 2 billion in investments from Japan into the Indian real estate market over the next three years.

Interestingly, the RICS-JLL survey this January had shown that 62% of the respondents – all seasoned real estate investors – felt that institutions from Japan and China could come knocking to the Indian real estate market in 2016.

 Anuj Puri, Chairman & Country Head, JLL India



Spectus has issued a direct challenge to aluminium windows in high-rise with the launch of its Flush Tilt & Turn PVC-U system, that has a similar look to the metal but with significant benefits including thermal performance and cost.

With U-Values as low as 0.8 W/m2K (WER A++) achievable, window openings up to 1,450mm wide X 2,300mm high, and many other unique features, the Spectus Flush Tilt & Turn is ideal for new-build apartments, housing, hotels, health education and public buildings, where aluminium or composites might otherwise have been first choice.

Its sleek external flush styling and square edge appearance gives it a close visual match to aluminium, especially with the smooth grey foiled finish on grey base as a stock option, but the profile also benefits from Spectus’s extensive range of 28 other foils – one of the widest ranges of any PVC-U system.

As well as the obvious cost saving of PVC-U over aluminium, the Spectus Flush Tilt & Turn’s exceptional thermal performance can be achieved with Argon-filled triple glazed units, rather than expensive Krypton-filled units, and without insulation in the profile or expensive special reinforcements. This is due not only to its six-chamber sash and five-chamber outer frame but also Spectus’s unique Aeroframe thermal wall technology, which has proven to provide greater thermal performance through its complex ‘thermal barrier’ design.

Further weather-proofing is achieved by a high performance centre seal system, with an optional third weather seal as an additional air and water barrier. The weather rating is tested to BS6375-1:2009.

Its advanced functionality also includes a unique anti-switch barrier that prevents accidental movement between the tilt and the turn functions. Also, anti-slam is fitted as standard and the gearing is concealed for improved aesthetics. Advanced security features, including increased security around the hinges, also mean the system is Secured by Design and BES6001 accredited

Spectus Technical Director Martin Althorpe said: “A growing number of developers and specifiers are looking at the significant benefits that PVC-U can offer over aluminium and they will find all those benefits and more in the Spectus Flush Tilt & Turn, as well as the choice of the visual match with smooth RAL 7016 or any other of our wide range of finishes.”

The Spectus Flush Tilt & Turn has no overlapping of external framework because the sash sits neatly inside the outer frame to give a fully flush exterior. It offers 28-44mm glazing options and is compatible with all common types of hardware.

The Spectus Flush Tilt & Turn is designed and manufactured in Great Britain in one of the most advanced PVC-U extrusion factories in Europe.

Martin Althorpe concluded: “We have looked very carefully at what developers and specifiers want from a system, either PVC-U or aluminium. Our answer to those needs is the Spectus Flush Tilt & Turn and those who have already seen the system say they have been impressed with what they saw.”




Gone are the days when wood was the only material that was used to give a modern look to your interiors. With more and more advances, people have started replacing their current furniture with innovative materials such as ceramic, aluminium, marble, etc.

Nowadays, everyone is looking for stylish and up-to-date interiors to make their homes aesthetically appealing. One of the best ways to do so is by revamping your space with elegant materials like decorative glass. Such glass can be used for many applications within your interiors such as doors, windows, flooring, ceiling, kitchen cabinets, shelves, table tops, stairways, wardrobes, etc.

Best-in-quality glass products by AIS

AIS provides high-quality glass products that can be used to enhance the space, be it your home or office. AIS offers a diverse range of decorative glass for different purposes. For instance, lacquered glass can be used for walls, floors, ceilings and more. Frosted glass can be installed to enhance your privacy and make your homes look aesthetically appealing. You can also opt for AIS Disegno that will add a new dimension to the aesthetics of your home.


Below are three major reasons why you should consider decorative glass while looking at revamping your interiors:

–    Design makes your home comfortable

–    Your space will reflect your personality and tell people who you are

–    Well-designed spaces enable easy movement

Multicolored Solutions


  • AIS Décor lacquered glass is used for the interiors to give your homes a fresh and innovative look. As this glass is oven cured through a superior process, it has an opaque appearance. As a result, it can be used for many applications such as glass tiles, room separators and more.
  • AIS Décor offers features such as high-quality finish, is low-maintenance, and eco-friendly in nature, UV resistant, and moisture resistant.


A Decorative range

AIS Disegno comes with an icy appearance which enhances the aesthetics of your homes and offices. This durable range of laminated glass creates an atmosphere that boosts your mood with its vibrant range of colours. As a result, this range is ideal for decorative purposes and can be used in table tops, glass tiles, room separators, etc.

Privacy Solutions

If you are looking for ways to enhance the privacy of your space, make sure you opt for India’s only Frosted glass provider – AIS glass. With frosted glass, you can now increase the privacy as well as provide a trendy look to your interiors. It can not only be used in doors, but even your glass partitions, furniture, cabinets, shelves, ceiling and many applications.



We at AIS truly believe that design is a visual art and the interiors speak for themselves. So don’t hold back! Get in touch with our experts and beautify every corner of your space to suit your personality!

Source.: image .:


WinterGreen Research has announced the release of a new study, Flexible Glass Market Shares and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2010-2016.

Flexible glass is useful as a substrate for deposition of nanotechnology materials used to create solar panels, thin film batteries, and HDD drives.
Substrates are needed for nanotechnology implementations of different devices including materials used in the aircraft and building industries. The study has 232 pages and 70 tables and figures.
Nanotechnology frequently involves sputtering some active material onto a substrate at high temperature and in a vacuum. Flexible glass is a valuable substrate because of its handling characteristics chemical characteristics, and the overall maturity of the glass industry.
Analysis of flexible glass markets depends on looking at the need for substrates for nanotechnology including the thin film solar and battery markets which in turn depend on the number of autos sold and number of solar panels. In addition there are a lot of metrics to look at, including number of concentrating solar installations up coming, number of LCD TVs, number of thin film batteries, number of semiconductors, and number of HDD components.
Electric power from renewable sources, particularly solar energy promises a new generation of utility companies that replace large fossil fuel generating plants with substations that gather electricity from commercial rooftops near the demand for electricity. Electric vehicles will be recharged from stationary batteries located near suburban homes.
Flexible glass has a higher threshold for heat management than polymer. Polymers will melt at temperatures where glass substrate remains stable.
Glass markets overall continue to be strong. Corning expects worldwide glass demand to reach 2.7-2.8 billion square feet in 2010, up from 2.4 billion square feet in 2009.
Glass shipments can be analyzed at a rate of 37% residential, 21% commercial, 28% automotive, and 17% specialty glass.
After that, the markets are anticipated to grow significantly capturing a large part of the solar panel and other nanotechnology manufacturing production.
To access the report visit:

NEXT Energy Technologies Inc.™ announces a new product that enables windows to harvest solar energy, a breakthrough they say that promises to yield significant environmental benefits and revolutionize commercial building design for decades to come.

“It is certainly not an overstatement to describe this technology as a game-changer with far-reaching implications for architecture and buildings of the future,” said Daniel Emmett, CEO and co-founder of NEXT Energy Tech.

“We foresee a time in the near future when buildings are conceived and valued as much for their energy-generation potential as for the commerce that occurs within their walls.”

NEXT Energy Tech’s transparent solar coatings, which can be easily applied to windows of all types during production, are the result of breakthrough organic photovoltaic materials that are printed in a high-speed, low-cost process.

The printing technique is readily scalable for widespread use by large commercial window firms.

NEXT Energy Tech says the coatings provide an unmatched combination of transparency, efficiency, durability and cost. NEXT Energy Tech recently debuted its technology at Intersolar Europe in Munich, Germany and is currently in discussions with several window manufacturers about launching this game-changing technology into the market.

Emmett estimates that a building sheathed in NEXT-powered windows could produce a significant percent of its energy needs and ultimately enable zero net energy buildings. This would constitute a dramatic reversal, as buildings today consume over 40 percent of global energy.

“NEXT provides the compelling combination of exceptional aesthetics, cost-effectiveness and performance that can deliver real value to building owners and tenants alike,” he said.

“What’s more, the windows look like conventional windows and can be provided in a range of color and light transmission options.” To date NEXT has achieved over 10% efficient devices, has demonstrated feasibility of 30 year lifetimes, and expects to have initial product specifications ranges of 7-10% efficiency and 50%-10% visible light transmission.

“NEXT’s product can contribute to a paradigm shift in the power-economics and climate impact of the built environment,” said Andy Cohen, Co-CEO of global design firm Gensler and NEXT Board member.

“This is what architects have been looking for – an elegant and cost effective solution to help architects meet Zero Net Energy and sustainability goals for the next generation of high performance buildings.



New Performance Enhancement Increases Safety and Reduces Wear Caused by Sliding Door Impact

CRL-U.S. Aluminum’s line of sliding glass door systems gives architects and designers customizable options for building spaces that provide utility and modern design.

An example of this is the company’s Laguna Series Sliding Door System, which has now been upgraded with a new softbrake feature for added performance.

The Laguna Series offers smooth, quiet rollers that allow glass doors to slide effortlessly. The softbrake automatically slows down the momentum of sliding glass doors to prevent impact. It takes effect the last four inches of travel in either direction. This helps ensure product longevity.

A contemporary version of the barn door, Laguna Series features an overhead rail that allows glass panels to slide side-to-side on rollers. An anti–lift component prevents rollers from derailing in order to maximize safety.

This is done by attaching a fixed stop onto the roller mechanism right below the rail. Laguna provides an industrial modern aesthetic and can hold doors—including wood doors—up to 220 lbs. (100 kg).

“As interior environments continue to evolve, we remain committed to engineering and manufacturing advanced glass sliding systems that provide function, safety, and durability,” said Al Eini, brand manager of architectural hardware at CRL.

“The new softbrake upgrade for our Laguna Series serves as an example of how we continually improve our products in response to industry needs.”

CRL-U.S. Aluminum manufactures a complete line of interior glass sliders that can be customized for office fronts, conference rooms, lobbies, waiting rooms, and more. For additional information, visit

About CRL-U.S. Aluminum

CRL-U.S. Aluminum is an ISO 9001:2008 certified manufacturer and distributor of glazing systems with over 60 years of experience in the industry.

The company is a leading supplier to the glazing, architectural, construction, and automotive industries, with service centers located throughout the United States, Canada, Europe, and Australia.

With rapid customization capabilities, robust stock inventories, and a worldwide distribution network, CRL-U.S. Aluminum’s single-source model delivers one of the shortest lead times in the marketplace.

For more information, call (800) 421-6144 or email Glaziers may also visit Architects and specifiers, visit

Source / Photo.:




New solar control glass by PPG reduces energy use for cooling, lighting – PPG (NYSE:PPG) announced that BUILDINGS magazine has selected SOLARBAN® 90 glass by PPG as a 2016 Money-Saving Product winner in the “Envelope Enhancements” category.

Finalists were evaluated by the BUILDINGS editorial staff for the money-saving qualities they offer to building owners and facility managers in areas such as energy efficiency, water savings and maintenance.

Solarban 90 low-emissivity (low-e) glass is engineered with advanced “quad-silver” coating technology that enables it to combine industry-leading solar control performance with a true neutral-reflective clear-glass aesthetic.

Combined with clear glass in a standard 1-inch insulating glass unit (IGU), Solarban 90 glass has a solar-heat-gain coefficient (SHGC) of 0.23, a 15 percent improvement over Solarban 70XL glass, the industry’s most widely specified triple-silver-coated solar control, low-e glass.

The same configuration produces visible light transmittance (VLT) of 51 percent and an exceptional light-to-solar gain (LSG) ratio of 2.22. Interior and exterior reflectance rates are 12 percent and 19 percent, respectively.

Earlier energy modeling of Solarban 70XL glass on a prototype 12-story office building shows that 10-year energy savings related to heating and cooling can exceed $1.5 million (compared to the same prototype building glazed with conventional clear-glass IGUs) through lower equipment costs and reduced energy use.

Because Solarban 90 glass has better solar control than Solarban70XL glass, architects and glaziers can anticipate even greater energy savings.

In addition to supporting the use of smaller heating and cooling systems to reduce initial capital expenditures and long-term air-conditioning costs, Solarban 90 glass also enables architects to design buildings with larger expanses of glass to promote daylighting, diminish the need for artificial lighting and connect building occupants to the outdoors.

Solarban 90 glass meets requirements of the CRADLE TO CRADLE CERTIFIED™ products program at the Bronze level, which helps architects earn credits in the LEED® green building program for their projects.

To learn more about Solarban 90 glass and other energy-saving solar control, low-e glasses by PPG, visit or call 1-888-PPG-IDEA (774-4332).

At PPG (NYSE:PPG), we work every day to develop and deliver the paints, coatings and materials that our customers have trusted for more than 130 years. Through dedication and creativity, we solve our customers’ biggest challenges, collaborating closely to find the right path forward.

With headquarters in Pittsburgh, we operate and innovate in more than 70 countries and reported net sales of $15.3 billion in 2015. We serve customers in construction, consumer products, industrial and transportation markets and aftermarkets. To learn more,

We protect and beautify the world is a trademark and the PPG Logo and Solarban are registered trademarks of PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
LEED – an acronym for LEADERSHIP IN ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN® – is a registered trademark of the U.S. GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL®.
Cradle to Cradle Certified is a trademark licensed by the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute.


researchers, in collaboration with China’s Tsinghua University, have recently created a new set of tools to evaluate the energy performance of large-scale development projects. The tools are a response to China’s rapid urbanization and succession of ever-larger housing and infrastructure projects. The researchers’ goal was to help shape the process of urbanization one neighborhood at a time, producing cleaner energy patterns than would otherwise exist.

The set of tools includes a pattern book of neighborhood typologies from around the world, which have proven to be energy efficient. The research team, led by Dennis Frenchman and Christopher Zegras from MIT’s School of Architecture + Planning, intends for these low-energy forms to replace existing typologies, which were developed without regards to energy performance.

The other tool is an Energy Proforma that uses a single number to represent the lifecycle energy consumption of a neighborhood project. The Proforma compiles 3 types of energy data: how the neighborhood form affects the type and amount of transportation used, the amount of energy used for operations such as heating and cooling and the amount of energy consumed in construction. Ideally this measurement will be adopted as the standard energy assessment within Chinese public policy. This should allow planners and officials to easily compare different development proposals.

The tools were first put to the test this past summer by five teams of graduate students from MIT and Tsinghua University in Beijing. They used the tools to develop proposals for new Clean Energy Neighborhoods in a town being planned on a new high-speed rail line. The designs were assessed to not only be exceedingly energy efficient, but also highly livable. After all, there is no reason why the two should be mutually exclusive.

Source.: MIT


Introducing the benefits of Thermobar and Thermoflex warm edge spacers, the video commences within a warm comfortable home with a family calculating their energy bills.

It then showcases Thermobar and Thermoflex by zooming into a simulated home and through clever graphics it deconstructs a window down to the spacer bar within the glazing unit.

Quoting figures such as “Up to 80% of energy loss through a window occurs at its edge” and “Warm edge glazing is up to 65% warmer at the edge than traditional windows” the video tells homeowners about the real issues relating to poorly insulated windows and how Thermobar and Thermoflex help to minimise the energy loss through the edge of window glazing to keep the heat in or out of a building as required.

Warm Edge spacers also help to minimise condensation and mould.

Thermobar Warm Edge Spacer is a rigid tube spacer system made with engineering plastic with a gas barrier tape.  It has a thermal conductivity value of 0.14W/mK and achieves a Passive House rating of phA for Arctic Climates (phA+ with hot melt secondary sealant).

Thermoflex Warm Edge Spacer is a flexible rubber spacer system with gas barrier tape.  Its value is 0.135W/mK and similarly achieves a phA+ rating.

Thermoseal Group’s marketing manager, Samantha Hill tells us:  “We are delighted to finally launch our Warm Comfortable Home Video to showcase the advantages of our highest performance UK-manufactured spacer systems – Thermobar and Thermoflex.

With our focus on export, the video will also shortly be available in multilingual versions for customers to use to showcase the products worldwide.

“This video is part of a range of promotional tools that we are due to launch for window installers to use to promote the advantages of windows incorporating Thermobar and Thermoflex warm edge spacers.

We are excited to see the growth in demand of our products and now our spacer bar production sites have a large additional capacity, we are ready to tell the world why our products are best in the worldwide industry.”

To find out about Thermoseal Group and its comprehensive range of IG components (including highest performance Thermobar and Thermoflex Warm Edge Spacers) and machinery for glazing manufacture, call +44(0)121 331 3950 or

To see why we are industry leaders watch our ‘About Us’ video at:



When designing with glass, there are a wide range of options to choose from to create a truly unique project. One option in particular—reflective glass—has some significant aesthetic and performance benefits. Even when transparent glass is in vogue, there are specific applications when tinted, reflective glass can be the superior choice. In fact, there are even reflective glasses that provide the solar control benefits of low-e coatings.

Today’s reflective glasses have evolved and now feature varying levels of reflectivity that create a wide range of aesthetics. The mirror box effect is definitely a thing of the past! Below are some key benefits to designing buildings with reflective glass:

  1. Color: Tinted, reflective architectural glasses offer better harmonization with spandrels, metal panels, extrusions and other building materials. This color enriched glass transmits generous levels of visible light and offers color neutrality, which also enhances the tint of the glass substrate underneath the reflective coating. Today, reflective glasses can also include low-e coatings.
  2. Visibility: Reflective glass also has a special metallic coating that makes it possible to see out, while preventing people from seeing in, in order to preserve privacy during the day. In addition, reflective glass makes it possible to hide computer wires, vents, fans, HVAC components and other building mechanicals.
  3. Glare Control: Reflective glass also impacts visible light transmittance (VLT). Reflective glass allows just the right amount of natural light into a building, while at the same time reduces glare and the need for window blinds and other interior shading devices. In addition, reflective solar control glass reflects a portion of incoming solar radiation, which limits heat penetration into the building and can potentially lower HVAC usage.
  4. Exterior Appearance: Reflective glass provides a bold, crisp exterior appearance, along with a dynamic building surface that changes to reflect the color of the sky, the passing of clouds and the different times of day.

For complete technical information about designing with reflective glass and other glass topics, visit And for any other glass questions, please contact PPG or call 888.PPGIDEA (888.774.4332).


With the change in weather, people across the globe are experiencing global warming. Due to the rise in the temperature of greenhouse gases, preventing this heat build-up can get challenging. In such times, considering products that are eco-friendly can help cut out the heat. Such products guarantee to make a difference to the environment and not to forget your personal space.

In case you are looking for such products, do opt for solar control glass. This particular glass range has the ability to reduce greenhouse gases, promote sustainability and mitigate the effects of climate change.

There are many companies that produce this variant. But AIS is by far the leader in the integrated glass market that is ideal for your interiors and exteriors. They provide just the best-of-the-best products for your homes and commercial spaces. We at AIS, are committed to the philosophy of sustainable development and that’s well manifested in the products we create.


AIS Solar Control Glass solutions

A newly-formed SBU, Solar Glass is AIS’ foray into the fast-emerging solar glass segment in India.

By installing any of our solar glass, you can minimize heat gain and prevent excessive heat build-up.

Using our solar control glass can provide you with the following benefits:-

  • Heat reflection
  • Cooler interiors
  • Lesser energy consumption
  • Cost effectiveness
  • Maximum light
  • Glare filter
  • Energy-efficiency
  • Easy installation
  • Low maintenance
  • UV protection
  • Excessive durability
  • Excessive flexibility

Here are the four variants of AIS’ Solar glass that can be used to enhance the functionality of your homes and offices and help you combat summer!


Variants –

AIS Ecosense- This glass is the most advanced high-performance glass that can be used to create a delicate balance between the indoor and the outdoors. AIS Ecosense meets the needs of the Indian consumers who traditionally require more cooling than heating and want to prevent solar radiation from coming in. Installing this glass will allow you to achieve energy-efficiency, improved daylighting and much more.

AIS Opal- Those of you looking to keep their interiors cool and stylish at the same time should consider opting for AIS’s Opal glass. It comes in a variety of shades and patterns and is flexible enough to be incorporated into any design. This glass is the best choice for exterior glass and surely provides you, value for money.

Now that you know the variants and the amazing benefits of our solar control glass, do get in touch with us to live a cooler summer.



Planitherm glass can also be used in triple glazed windows – now you can save even more on your energy bills!

Modern windows are being constructed using three panes of glass, 
hence the name triple glazing.

Triple glazed windows are even more energy-efficient than modern double glazing. The thermal insulation benefit is clearly visible through the additional pane of glass and gas filled cavity.


There are three reasons why you should consider installing triple glazed windows containing Planitherm glass:

Save even more on your energy bills

Triple glazed units have an optimised energy balance to maximise cost savings. Triple glazing allows a high level of solar heat gain, capturing free heat energy from outside during the daytime to warm the home. This is combined with exceptional thermal insulation properties with triple glazed units having a very low U-value* to keep the heat in during night and day. The outcome is a window that well exceeds the current maximum “A” window energy rating.

Maximum comfort

The thermal efficiency of triple glazed units ensures that cold spots are eliminated. Triple glazed units can also be optimised to deliver excellent thermal acoustic performance – minimising noise levels from outside.

Enhanced security

The extra pane of glass ensures that your windows are less easy to break through giving you peace of mind when it comes to security.

Triple glazing is well established in many parts of Europe and is becoming increasingly popular in the UK. Windows are one of the most exposed parts of a house. According to the Energy Saving Trust, a staggering 26% of all domestic heat loss escapes through the windows. Installing energy-efficient windows is essential to help keep the cost of energy bills down.


Double glazed windows containing Planitherm glass provide a highly energy-efficient solution that can save up to 28% on your energy bills**. However, Planitherm in triple glazed units provide the ultimate in energy efficient performance, exceeding the best performing double glazing units. Rising energy prices mean that it has never been so important to save as much as possible on your energy bills. Installing triple glazing will also reduce your carbon emissions.

*U-value reflects the thermal insulating performance of a building. the lower the co-efficient is, the better the insulating performance.
**Energy savings calculation courtesy of the Glass and Glazing Federation.  Energy consumption data courtesy of the Energy Savings Trust.

PADIHAM GLASS Triple Glazing – Manufacturing Guidelines

Outer Pane (Faces 1 & 2)

Glass: 4mm, 6mm and 10mm – Can be Annealed but we advise Toughened where possible
Solar Control: Available – Glass has to be Toughened
Low Emissivity: Can be Face 2 only if required
Laminated Safety: Achievable but not recommended (Thermal Safety check may be required)
Low Iron glass can help achieve a higher IGU G-Value on this pane only

Middle Pane (Faces 3 & 4)

Glass: 4mm, 6mm and 10mm – Toughened only
Solar Control: Not available
Low Emissivity: Available on Face 3
Laminated Safety: Not available
Obscure glass is normally on this pane

Inner Pane (Faces 5 & 6)

Glass: 4mm, 6mm and 10mm – Annealed or Toughened
Solar Control: Not available
Low Emissivity: Available on Face 5
Laminated Safety: Available and is recommended on this pane

Cavities / Spacer Bars

Minimum 8mm cavities
Aluminium Spacer bar Options: 8mm, 10mm, 12mm, 14mm, 16mm 18mm & 20mm
8mm & 10mm aluminium spacer bars are only available in Silver & Bronze
BLACK Warm Edge Spacer bar: Only available in 12mm, 14mm, 16mm, 18mm & 20mm.
Please note it is important that where possible both cavities are kept the same for thermal performance and manufacturing capabilities.

Source.:, Image.:



From a distance, the Beijing Greenland Center recently-completed by the Chicago office of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM) may look like any of the other rectangular skyscrapers that dot China’s capital city. Look a little closer, however, and you’ll see that the tower features an elegant trapezoidal glass facade that’s claimed to improve its energy performance.


Comprising 55 floors, the Beijing Greenland Center is located in the Dawangjing business district and rises to a height of 260 m (853 ft). The interior contains office space and 178 apartments and the building is also connected to an attached multi-story retail zone.

7The pattern of the glazed facade is inspired by the bas-relief sculpting technique and comprises two types of trapezoidal Low-E (efficient) glass modules. One tapers upward, the other downward, with the two alternating across the facade, refracting the daylight inside and out.

“The design team sought to create an elegant, eye-catching tower by exploring interactions between simple form, light, and shadow,” explains SOM. “In a response to Beijing’s overcast skies, the tower catches and reflects daylight to enliven the surrounding neighborhood.”

SOM says that the trapezoid glass facade improves the building’s thermal performance, cutting down on solar heat gain compared to a completely flat glass facade.

6Indeed, the firm aims for the Beijing Greenland Center to achieve a 30 percent reduction in energy use and water consumption compared to a baseline building, however it’s not clear exactly what this baseline is. Architectural Digest reports that it refers to other towers throughout China, but we’re awaiting comment from SOM.

Besides the glazed facade, the building includes some energy-efficient tech, including variable speed pumps for heating and cooling, an evaporative cooling system, and a thermal wheel (an energy recovery heat exchange system that recaptures exhaust gases and hot air and reuses them for heating).

SOM designed the master plan too, which aims to improve walking and bicycling in the area, while a new park includes amenities like cafes and recreation facilities. The firm’s San Francisco office is also in the process of completing three other towers nearby.




Beware this new Los Angeles attraction if you’re afraid of heights. I know I am because nope.

The Skyslide, a glass slide fixed along the tallest building west of the Mississippi River, is open for business this weekend. Thrill-seekers can pay $25 to slide down 45 feet of bulletproof glass nearly 1,000 feet in the air.

The strength of the glass is enough to withstand hurricane winds and an earthquake, according to the BBC.


The slide is a part of OUE Skyspace LA, a rooftop observatory that gives visitors 360 views of the city at the top of the US Bank Tower. This is a great idea for people who want a high vantage point to view the expanding metropolis, and the slide works for people who don’t think that’s enough.1_57670


As someone who just moved to Los Angeles, though, you won’t see me going down it anytime soon. And I used to love slides. If the slide was able to freak out an Associated Press reporter who says she’s jumped out of planes, then

I’ll just watch the video where you can see Myers go down the slide and—okay that’s enough slide for me.



The report contains up to date financial data derived from varied research sources to present unique and reliable analysis.  Assessment of major trends with potential impact on the market during the next five years, including a deep dive analysis of market segmentation which comprises of sub markets, regional and country level analysis. The report provides a comprehensive outlook about the market share along with strategic recommendations based on the emerging segments.

This report analyzes the global markets for “Tempered Glass”. The market assessment is performed through standard and the tailored research methodology approach. The market overview offers in depth analysis at the regional and country level, for instance North America (U.S., Canada and Mexico), Europe (Germany, France, Italy, U.K. and Spain), Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, India, Australia, South Korea and Rest of APAC) and Rest of the World (Middle East, Africa and Latin America). Annual estimations and forecasts are provided from the year 2013 to 2022 for each given segments and sub segments. Market data derived from the authenticated and reliable sources subjected to validation from the industry experts. The report also analyzes the market by discussing market dynamics such as drivers, constraints, opportunities, threats, challenges and other market trends.
Competitive landscaping provides the recent activities performed by the active players in the market. Activities such as product launch, agreements, joint ventures, partnerships, acquisitions and mergers, and other activities.

This report provides:
– Market Sizing estimations and forecasts for a minimum of 6 years of all the given segments, sub segments and the regional markets
– Identifying market dynamics (Drivers, Constraints, Opportunities, Threats, Challenges, Investment Opportunities, and recommendations)
– Strategic recommendations in key business segments based on the market estimations
– Regional and country level market analysis
– Competitive landscaping mapping the key common trends
– Company profiling covering the financials, recent activities and the future strategies
– Supply chain trends mapping the recent advancements
– Strategic recommendations for the new entrants




The Smart Glass Windows Market has gone from strength to strength in the last number of years due to a number of factors.  Recent researchin America has shown that the market is set to be worth 5.81 Billion USD by 2020.

This is an industry that is constantly innovating and the emergence of new improved technologies is driving greater demand for these products. But what are the main drivers facilitating such growth in the Smart Glass Windows market?

1.       Recovery of the construction sector

During the economic downturn the sharp decline in the construction sector resulted in a fall in demand for all construction related products including smart glass windows. However, recent improvements in the worldwide economy and the construction sector as a whole has seen an increased need and demand for smart glass windows products again. More and more commercial building projects are adopting smart glass windows for office buildings, hospitals and universities and this trend is only set to continue as recovery of the construction sector persists.

2.       Increased regulation with regards to energy consumption

As buildings are responsible for 40% of energy consumption and 36% of CO2 emissions, regulation in this area has increased. Windows have always been associated as the least energy efficient building components. In fact studies have shown that 23% of energy for commercial buildings is lost through inefficient windows.

To counteract this energy loss, many industries have turned to smart glass windows to help them meet their obligations. In introducing this technology, property owners are enjoying financial savings too. The energy efficient smart glass windows serve to decrease costs such as lighting, heating and air conditioning.

3.       The number of its applications continue to rise

As technological advancements have increased, so too has the number of applications of smart glass windows. In addition to featuring strongly in commercial design, smart glass windows are also now a prominent feature in residential buildings, automotive, aerospace and the marine industry.

The automotive industry uses this technology to reduce unwanted light and glare on passengers when they are driving. Numerous aircrafts use this technology to prevent cabin heat build-up and block UV radiation to protect interiors. Residential buildings use smart glass windows to reduce heating and cooling requirements or minimize glare in a TV room. Finally, the marine industry uses this technology to control the amount of heat, glare and light passing through windows, doors and portholes etc.

4.       Relatively low cost

Technological advancements have also resulted in the steady decline of the costs of smart glass windows. As production methods become more streamlined and the cost of the various materials used decrease, the cost of smart glass windows is becoming far more affordable.

Interested in incorporating smart glass windows into your interior design?

For more information on how smart glass windows can enhance your interior design, browse our previous projects or contact Smartglass International today! We provide professional advice to all our clients to develop custom-built smart glass solutions to meet your requirements.


Columbia, MD – June 23, 2016 SolarWindow Technologies, Inc. (OTCQB: WNDW), a leader in the development of transparent electricity-generating coatings for glass and flexible plastics, today announced the closing of a $3,000,000 second tranche of its two tranche direct-to-investors capital raise efforts (Self-Directed Financing).

The first tranche of the company’s financing efforts in the amount of $1,367,100, as previously announced, closed on March 31, 2016.
A total of 28 persons, all of whom were accredited investors, participated in the capital raise; most were existing shareholders of the company at the time the individual subscribed for additional shares.
Mr. John Conklin, President and CEO of SolarWindow Technologies, Inc., noted the significance of this by stating “SolarWindow is privileged to have all of our legacy and new shareholders stand by our side as we drive forward with the development of SolarWindow™ transparent electricity-generating coatings. It has always been a priority of ours to provide our shareholders the opportunity to invest in additional shares at the same price as our company’s major shareholders. This capital raise significantly strengthens our company’s commitment to achieving commercialization.”
According to Conklin, “The $4,367,100 capital dramatically enhances the company’s ability to achieve necessary milestones leading to the ultimate goal of commercializing SolarWindow™.”


The company intends to utilize the proceeds from the Self-Directed Financing to:
  • Build strategic partnerships with glass, energy, chemical, and building industries
  • Achieve specific development objectives required to commercialize SolarWindow™
  • Engage capital markets to attract both retail and institutional investors
Conklin further noted that the company’s commercialization efforts have been ongoing as further evidenced by the recently completed successful performance tests of its transparent electricity-generating coatings for glass-to-glass lamination processes, which demonstrated:
  • The proprietary interconnection system that carries electricity from the SolarWindow™ coated glass to external wiring was not damaged
  • SolarWindow™ color and clarity was maintained, which is important to customer adoption and sales
  • SolarWindow™ module edge seal remained intact, which is vital to high performance, durability, and product lifecycle
Conklin concluded by stating that, “ Raising this additional capital not only brings us that much closer towards revenue generation and developing SolarWindow™ products, which will be instrumental in delivering affordable, clean, renewable energy to help meet the world’s growing energy demand, but also demonstrates the ongoing support from its shareholders that the company continues to enjoy.”
For additional information regarding the terms and conditions of the Self-Directed Financing Efforts described in this press release, please refer to the Current Report on Form 8-K, which the company filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for the first transaction on April 5, 2016, and the second transaction on June 23, 2016.

Scientists have developed new solar cells thinner than human hair and flexible eno ugh to wrap around a pencil that could power wearable electronics like smart glasses.

The thin cells can be integrated onto frames of glasses or fabric and might power the next wave of wearable electronics, researchers said.

“Our photovoltaic is about 1 micrometre thick,“ said Jongho Lee, from the Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology in South Korea.

One micrometre is much thinner than an average human hair. Standard photovoltaics are usually hundreds of times thicker, and even other thin photovoltaics are 2 to 4 times thicker.

The researchers made the ultra-thin solar cells from the semiconductor gallium arsenide. They stamped the cells directly onto a flexible substrate without using an adhesive that would add to the material’s thickness.

The cells were then “cold welded“ to the electrode on the substrate by applying pressure at 170 degrees Celsius and melting a top layer of material called photoresist that acted as a temporary adhesive.

The photoresist was later peeled away, leaving the direct metal to metal bond.

The metal bottom layer also served as a reflector to direct stray photons back to the solar cells.

The researchers tested the efficiency of the device at converting sunlight to electricity and found that it was comparable to similar thicker photovoltaics. They performed bending tests and found the cells could wrap around a radius as small as 1.4 millimetres. The team also performed numerical analysis of the cells, finding that they experience one-fourth the amount of strain of similar cells that are 3.5 micrometres thick.

“The thinner cells are less fragile under bending, but perform similarly or even slightly better,“ Lee said.

Other researchers have earlier reported solar cells with thicknesses of around 1 micrometre, but have produced the cells in different ways.

The new method developed by Lee and his colleagues may be used to make very flexible photovoltaics with a smaller amount of materials.

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Toughened safety glass can play an obvious role in financial institutions, hospitals, prisons, cash businesses and other commercial properties where security is a primary concern. However, toughened glass is also becoming a much more prominent feature in office design in the U.K. Commercial designers are increasingly integrating toughened glass panels and partitions into office interior design for a number of key reasons.

Durability Enables Flexibility

Toughened glass panels are very versatile due to the strength and thickness of the glass. They offer the strength and durability to withstand wear and tear in a busy office environment. Toughened glass therefore allows designers to consistently push the boundaries of office design by offering flexibility of functionality. For example, designers can use toughened glass to create walk-on glass floors in an office building, table tops, shelving, facades and even furniture.

Disperse Natural Light Without Compromising Security

Allowing natural light into a workspace is essential to improving the well-being of employees. However, lack of natural lighting is one of the biggest problems faced in office design.

In high rise office buildings, designers are also faced with security concerns. Glass windows need to be present to relay natural light but also need to be durable enough to support staff or customers potentially pressing or leaning against the glass.

Toughened glass windows offer the perfect solution. The glass can maximise the dispersion of natural light and at the same time offer support to withstand heavy impact or pressure, alleviating security concerns in high rise office buildings.

It Doesn’t Deter From Aesthetics

Extensive use of glass in office design is extraordinarily popular as it offers a distinct contemporary appearance and a wonderful aesthetic. Toughened laminated glass, although offering greater durability and thickness, does not deter from the aesthetic of an office building.

Most people assume that the additional strength and durability of toughened glass panels will equate to a bulky appearance but this isn’t true. Toughened glass can even be curved, tinted and shaped to further complement the office design.

Maximise Privacy & Productivity

Glass wall partitions can be used to create a private space within a busy office environment when they are formed with tinted, coloured, patterned or frosted styles of toughened glass.Laminated toughened glass partitions are very effective at preventing noise pollution and can therefore create a more effective, productive workspace.

Laminated toughened glass can even reduce outside noise, especially near busy areas such as motorways, main roads and airports.

Cost Efficiency

Toughened safety glass maximises energy efficiency as the thicker glass layers help to prevent heat escaping through your windows and doors. Toughened glass doors and windows will not only save on energy costs but can also make future rearrangement of the office easy, cost efficient and speedy. They require very little or no structural treatment and are easy and quick to install.

Require toughened glass for an upcoming project?

As leading toughened glass UK manufacturers, Diamond Glass can provide expert advice and assistance in selecting toughened glass products for your upcoming design project. Get in touch with our specialist team to discuss your specific project requirements.