Buildings and glass share a special relationship. The various properties of glass make it the perfect material to be used in a variety of applications and spaces. As a result, architects and designers can make use of glass that provides numerous advantages such as privacy, safety and more.  If safety and security are your main concern, make sure you opt for tempered glass, also known as toughened glass since it is stronger than ordinary glass.

How is tempered glass made?

AIS Stronglas, which is a type of toughened glass, is processed and controlled by thermal or chemical treatments. This is done to increase the strength and make it stronger than ordinary glass. This constant reheating and cooling puts the outer surface into compression and the inner surface into tension. By putting the glass under such stress, when broken it crumbles into small granular pieces instead of shards, and are less likely to cause injury.

Some benefits of AIS Stronglas-

  • Highly Durable
  • Five times tougher than ordinary glass
  • Lowers the risk of breakage on impact

Buildings and structures:

Toughened glass plays an important role in exteriors when it comes to glass windows and facades. As the glass is five to six times stronger than ordinary glass, it can provide better protection and safety. This type of glass can also be used to build large windows, doors, sliding doors, staircases and much more.

Local Input~ HANDOUT PHOTO - RECEIVED MAY 1, 2008 - CREDIT: Joy von Tiedemann / PUG AWARDS --- // UNDATED image of building for PUG AWARDS - 4th Annual People's Choice Awards for Architecture - nominated buildings (source: Darlene Hesas, Marketing & Public Relations, 416.588.5900, #259 - BUILDING: ROM - Royal Ontario Museum

Handling and Installation:

While glass has a variety of appliances, poor handling and improper installation can lead to damaging the glass. Hence, it is important to follow the right steps while handling any type of glass.

Home & Office Applications:

Toughened glass plays a vital role when it comes to heat resistance and durability within your homes and offices. It is used for windows and doors to provide extra security and in interior applications such as glass tables and partitions. This reduces the risk of injury as the chance of the glass breaking is very low and if broken, it does not cause injuries.


Besides the above-mentioned applications, tempered/toughened glass is also used in table tops, balustrades, shelves, facades, shower enclosures, partitions, wash basins, canopies, etc.

With AIS’s offers expert glass solutions, you are guaranteed to get these benefits for your exteriors, interiors. You can get tailored solutions as per your needs and requirements.


Image source .:


Visitors to the new £5.2m Land of the Lions enclosure at ZSL London Zoo will benefit from an improved viewing experience thanks to high performance anti-reflective glass supplied by specialist manufacturer Romag.

More than 60 sq. m of Romag’s new AirGlaz toughened laminated glass has been specified to provide transparent safety walling for the viewing sections of the 2,500 sq. m enclosure, which will be home to a pride of Asiatic lions when the feature opens in spring 2016.

The new installation has been designed to provide a ‘close encounter’ visitor experience and incorporates an overhead walkway, a crumbling temple, a recreated railway station and an Indian high street.

The public will be able to see the animals easily and up-close through toughened laminated glass that will maintain its transparency and clarity while being protected by a structure strong enough to withstand the weight and power of large big cats such as lions.

The AirGlaz construction was designed specifically for the enclosure to combine anti-reflective properties with maximum strength together with high levels of safety and security.

Installation work was completed over a five month period by Northampton-based industrial glazing specialists Cox Design and Manufacturing, which also designed and installed parts of the structural steelwork needed to hold the glass panels securely in place.

ZSL London Zoo, which opened to the public in 1846, is the world’s oldest scientific zoo, and is currently home to housing more than 700 different species. The Land of the Lions enclosure has been designed to resemble the Gir Forest National Park in India, showing how the lions’ natural habitat overlaps with the local urban environment.

Paul Cruddace, a director at Romag, said: “Land of the Lions at ZSL London Zoo required a tough, cost effective and non-reflective viewing solution that would also deliver long-term high performance and added safety.

“Our glass has been specified to provide this and will contribute significantly to an unforgettable visitor experience.”

Featuring low iron float glass, AirGlaz incorporates an advanced magnetron sputter coating, which is then strengthened and toughened using advanced thermal treatment processes. This creates a tough, surface with unique optical properties that allow light transmission of up to 97% and reflection of less than one percent.

This compares to normal architectural float glass that typically has a light transmission of 90% and a reflection of eight per cent. In addition, the carefully tailored anti-reflective coating utilised in AirGlaz has been specially designed so that any reflection caught in the one per cent factor appears in a dark blue hue rather than the pink area of the spectrum, helping to remove unwanted glare and prevent distortion.



Image Above: TruShield Doesn’t React with Silicone so is ideal for conservatory roofs and skylights

Homeowners are looking for clean and clear glass all year round, regardless of where it sits on their property. This is particularly important for conservatory roofs, roof lanterns and sky pods.

Roof glass needs to have the most light transmission and clarity possible, whilst being low-maintenance for homeowners, who don’t want the hassle of cleaning glass in hard-to-reach places. That’s why easy-clean glass and glass protection systems have become so popular.

But there are certain glass protection coatings which react with the silicone used to seal some roof glazing components during installation. This reaction can cause the silicone to fail, which in turn can lead to drips and leaks from newly-installed glazed roof systems.

TruShield® the versatile glass protection system from Edgetech UK, doesn’t react with silicone so there’s no chance of seals perishing as a direct result of contact with TruShield.

TruShield is a top choice for installers, who can be comfortable in the knowledge that the glass coating will not have a damaging effect on their installations. Plus, it means that installation companies can offer extra peace of mind to homeowners.

TruShield is durable glass protection that can be relied on. It has been tested at TÜV Rheinland Germany where a 10-year service life was simulated, subjecting the product to the harshest conditions. The long-term tests have proven that TruShield is exceptionally resistant to heat, UV rays and even chemical erosion.

Mel Jones, Territory Sales Manager for Window Products at Edgetech UK, says: “TruShield works effectively in any environmental conditions, on both organic and inorganic dirt, unlike other easy-clean systems.

“Its development has been tailored to the problems facing installers and homeowners with roof glazing – clarity and cleanliness.”

Source :


Guardian Glass North America introduces Guardian CrystalBlueTM glass, a light blue glass that gives architects multiple options in achieving performance and aesthetic requirements.

“Architects and designers can combine Guardian CrystalBlue glass with many SunGuard® low-E products, resulting in a range of energy performances along with high visible light transmission via an in-demand, blue color,” says Brian Schulz, Commercial Product Manager, Guardian Glass North America.

Guardian’s newest substrate for commercial applications, CrystalBlue glass is available coated and uncoated at 6mm thickness in a variety of sizes.

The Guardian SunGuard glass product line for commercial applications offers excellent solar control and a wide variety of colors and performance levels. SunGuard glass products provide innovative, leading solutions for appearance, economics and energy efficiency, and are available through an international network of independent Guardian Select® fabricators. For more information, visit

Source: Guardian Glass North America

Greenlam, the market leader in decorative laminates in the Asian continent, offers an exclusive range of exterior grade compact laminates that are specially designed to beautify your exteriors. Our state-of-the-art panels effuse elegance with tasteful patterns that can enhance the look of all kinds of outer surfaces.

1Aesthetically planned, our exterior compact laminates offer industry’s best quality clads in terms of performance and create a majestic aura around your house, office and other spaces. Constituted with special chemicals, our exterior HPL panels are manufactured using GEL technology that makes them resistant against fading, fire, extreme weather conditions, microbial threats and moisture. Claddings from Greenlam come with special fasteners which are made using non-corrosive materials like stainless steel and aluminum that offer better color fastening properties.

2Available in 21 spectacular designs, the range allows you to decorate your home, office or entire building structures in a preferred yet distinct style. You can opt for plain colors available in five key colors that are very much in demand today, or opt for exterior clads with wooden finish that lend a classic touch. We also offer exterior compact laminates featuring abstract visual designs which lift up the mood of your décor many folds.

3A premier player in exterior cladding in India, Greenlam Clads have an entire range of exclusive collection of exterior grades on offer to give the outer surfaces a unique signature look.



The Technium is ubiquitous; like air it could be invisible. Fortunately, raging torrents that affect every person on earth are hard to ignore. Let’s look into one of the hearts of the Technium, that organ we call architecture.

You Are in the Technium Now

An ecosystem is a system of inter-dependent organisms and conditions. Ecosystems evolve. The current system can only exist because of past systems, each a stepping stone for new levels of action, each creating new sets of conditions, niches for life in its many forms.

But of course that’s what architecture does: it creates new conditions for life and culture, as does science, education, art and technology. Our culture and technology is evolving, enabled and built upon current and past developments. Kevin Kelly uses the word Technium to describe this complex stratum of evolving interdependencies and capacities. The Technium is evolving and growing fast. Our buildings must also evolve if they are to nurture our current and future cultures.

Why Do Our Buildings Persist?

Architecture is both a catalyst for, and a haven from, change. It responds to needs and yearnings. Over time those needs change, and our technology and cultures are evolving dramatically, changing the world we live in and the expectations of its inhabitants. Our buildings are shaped by the needs of the Technium.

A building’s resilience through time, as people and cultures supersede each other, relies on three aspects:

  1. The relevance to slower-changing or “universal” needs such as sanitation, cooking, sleeping space, work space, meeting space, places to walk, daylight, energy and information.
  2. The plasticity of the structures. Can their plumbing, heating, electricity and other things be adapted to changing social needs and expectations?
  3. Finally, a building may be important, beautiful enough in its own right to cause people to adjust to it.

I think we need to think of the universal needs of humans not as eternal, but slow to change. It’s easy to see that the technology we use and rely upon also has needs, and that some of these needs are also slow to change. Energy, provision for decay and renewal, and information and connection between devices are needs of the Technium which are not dwindling but increasing dramatically.

Sustenance for the Technium

If these basic needs are to be met by our buildings then we need to provide for this increase:

  1. Energy: Electricity needs to be available ubiquitously. Electrical energy is the most versatile form of energy we have. It can be easily converted into heat, light, or supply the needs of our machine brains.
  2. Information: The amount and speed of information required has been exploding. An infrastructure for the fastest transmission must be in place. It will be needed.
  3. Connectivity: Each device, socket, wall and switch should be connected to the digital infrastructure. Sooner or later that switch will be upgraded.
  4. Decay and renewal: Do not embed technology in cement. Our designs should account for the fact that every piece of electronic technology in the building will be repaired, replaced or upgraded over time.

Since there will be constant decay and renewal of technologies, the structure should allow the human or machine doctors to replace or change elements of the machine organism. We may need to change our idea of what a wall or floor is for.

Having covered the ground rules it time to move on and explore the potentials of the Technium. But first it’s time to confess. I work for the Technium – a doctor, you could say, for 20 years. I’ve reprogrammed super-yachts on the Mediterranean, struggled to route high speed data cables through listed buildings, brought machine intelligence into homes. I get called in to tend home automation systems which have become unstable after upgrades to their nervous system. The Technium is not new, just evolving fast.




Scientists Achieve Highest Efficiency Using Flexible Cells

`Zero-energy’ buildings -which generate as much power as they consume -are now closer to reality, as scientists have achieved the highest efficiency ever using flexible, nontoxic solar cells that are cheaper to make. Until now, the promise of such buildings have been held back by two hurdles: the cost of the thin-film solar cells (used in facades, roofs and windows), and the fact that they are made from scarce, and highly toxic, materials.

Researchers at the University of New South Wales in Australia achieved the highest efficiency rating for a full-sized thin-film solar cell using a competing thin-film technology , known as CZTS. The US National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has confirmed this world-leading 7.6% efficiency in a one square centimetre area CZTS cell.

Unlike its thin-film competitors, CZTS cells are made from abundant materials, such as copper, zinc, tin and sulphur. CZTS has none of the toxicity problems of its two thin-film rivals, known as CdTe (cadmium-telluride) and CIGS (copper-indium-gallium-selenide). Cadmium and selenium are toxic at even tiny doses, while telluri um and indium are extremely rare.

“In addition to its elements being more commonplace and environmentally benign, we’re interested in these higher bandgap CZTS cells for two reasons,“ said Martin Green, professor at UNSW . “They can be deposited directly onto materials as thin layers 50 times thinner than a human hair, so there’s no need to manufacture silicon `wafer’ cells and interconnect them separately,“ he said. “They also respond better than silicon to blue wavelengths of light, and can be stacked as a thin-film on top of silicon cells to ultimately improve the overall performance.“

Source:. Times of India


A team of researchers at Michigan State University has developed a new type of solar concentrator that when placed over a window creates solar energy while allowing people to actually see through the window.

It is called a transparent luminescent solar concentrator and can be used on buildings, cell phones and any other device that has a clear surface.

And, according to Richard Lunt of MSU’s College of Engineering, the key word is “transparent.”


Research in the production of energy from solar cells placed around luminescent plastic-like materials is not new. These past efforts, however, have yielded poor results – the energy production was inefficient and the materials were highly colored.

“No one wants to sit behind colored glass,” said Lunt, an assistant professor of chemical engineering and materials science. “It makes for a very colorful environment, like working in a disco. We take an approach where we actually make the luminescent active layer itself transparent.”

The solar harvesting system uses small organic molecules developed by Lunt and his team to absorb specific nonvisible wavelengths of sunlight.

“We can tune these materials to pick up just the ultraviolet and the near infrared wavelengths that then ‘glow’ at another wavelength in the infrared,” he said.


The “glowing” infrared light is guided to the edge of the plastic where it is converted to electricity by thin strips of photovoltaic solar cells.

“Because the materials do not absorb or emit light in the visible spectrum, they look exceptionally transparent to the human eye,” Lunt said.

One of the benefits of this new development is its flexibility. While the technology is at an early stage, it has the potential to be scaled to commercial or industrial applications with an affordable cost.

“It opens a lot of area to deploy solar energy in a non-intrusive way,” Lunt said. “It can be used on tall buildings with lots of windows or any kind of mobile device that demands high aesthetic quality like a phone or e-reader. Ultimately we want to make solar harvesting surfaces that you do not even know are there.”

Lunt said more work is needed in order to improve its energy-producing efficiency. Currently it is able to produce a solar conversion efficiency close to 1 percent, but noted they aim to reach efficiencies beyond 5 percent when fully optimized. The best colored LSC has an efficiency of around 7 percent.

The research was featured on the cover of a recent issue of the journal Advanced Optical Materials.

Other members of the research team include Yimu Zhao, an MSU doctoral student in chemical engineering and materials science; Benjamin Levine, assistant professor of chemistry; and Garrett Meek, doctoral student in chemistry.



The Bombay High Court on Friday said with so many highrises coming up in Mumbai, BMC must ensure that appropriate safety measures are being taken by these buildings to fight fire.

A bench of Justice Abhay Oka and Justice Prakash Naik made the observation while hearing a PIL by activist Sharmila Ghuge urging fire safety audits for buildings in the city .The bench took note of BMC’s reply dated March 10, which stated that it is not possible to match the fire snorkel with the heights of the buildings.

The civic body’s reply had also stated that it is following the requirements of the National Building Code of India .But the bench questioned if it is being implemented by those constructing highrises.

The judges said that question is whether NBCI’s requirements are incorporated in the development control regulations. If not done, BMC must take steps to include them.

Source .: Times of India,

Image Source.:


Flat is boring (though it is convenient to transport when it comes to flat packed furniture). But a Milan-based company is bringing three-dimensional triangular goodness to walls and ceilings with Wood-Skin, a composite materials that merges the rigidity, strength and beauty of wood, with the suppleness of textiles — designed to add an aesthetic punch to architectural surfaces, furniture and other sculptural elements.


Made out of digitally fabricated triangular tiles of Finnish birch sandwiching a nylon and polymer mesh in between, Wood-Skin is a pliable material that can be applied without the need for complex supporting structures underneath (no word on what type of adhesive is used; we hope it’s eco-friendly). Its simple triangles allows for complex forms to takes shape with minimum fuss. It looks modern, yet organic in its ability to bend, flex and deform into various shapes, all facilitated by the simple triangulation of its surface.



According to Wired, designers Giulio Masotti and Gianluca Lo Presti first came up with the material as part of an open-source design competition back in 2012. They test drove the concept in Montreal, Canada, using it design part of the lobby of a local rock climbing gym. Says Masotti:

At that time we were looking for a solution that would fulfill our need to create complex shapes, every time different, based on a standard, but also ready to evolve in a smart, fluid, connecting system. What we created was a skin that would allow us to focus on the structure and would adapt to it, leaving the builder the total control with the flexibility to change the forms at any moment during the whole process.


Wood-Skin can be made as modules, sheets or rolls, which can be put together to form one seamless surface. Its manufacturing process allows for a wide range of customization: you can change the angle of excavation to adjust the angle of deformation, you can change the thickness of the wood, you can even get a sheet of the stuff with irregular triangles.

In a recent collaboration with MIT’s Self-Assembly Lab, they are even starting to make self-transforming flat pack furniture with it. It comes flat, and with a simple tug, it magically pops up, ready to use, no fasteners or tools needed. Like their tiles, it’s designed to be flexible and reusable, says COO Susanna Todeschini:

The good thing about Wood-Skin is that you can disassemble and re-use it as many times as you want without throwing it in the trash. You can fold our furniture up and store it under the bed when you’re not using it.


So what might materials like this mean for the future of design? Well, at the least you can expect walls — or even outdoor facades — with a more striking aesthetic, and perhaps even furniture and surfaces that are programmed to morph and self-assemble on their own. Neat stuff. More over at Wood-Skin.



German researchers develop a smart façade to save energy in glass-fronted buildings


Many glass-fronted office buildings are very energy intensive, requiring extensive heating in winter and cooling in summer to ensure comfortable temperatures for the building’s occupants.

In response to this challenge researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU in Dresden teamed up with the Department of Textile and Surface Design at Weissensee School of Art in Berlin to find a smart solution to this problem.

They have created a thermally reactive blind made up of individual fabric components shaped like flowers.  Each component contains an integrated shape-memory actuator made of a nickel-titanium alloy that returns to its original shape when exposed to heat.  When the wires are warmed by sunlight they contract to open the textile components, covering the façade and preventing solar gains.  When the sun disappears the flowers close and the façade becomes transparent once again.

“When you bend the wire, it keeps that shape. Then when you expose it to heat, it remembers the shape it had originally and returns to that position. Picture the façade element as a sort of membrane that adapts to weather conditions throughout each day and during the various seasons of the year, providing the ideal amount of shade however strong the sun,” says Andre Bucht, researcher and department head at Fraunhofer IW.

Since the façade relies solely on thermal energy and doesn’t require an external power source it relatively easy to integrate into buildings.  It can either be attached to the external glass or the space in between multi-layer facades.  The design is flexible and different choices of pattern, shape and colour can be used, depending on requirements.

The project is an excellent demonstration of how great inn ovation happens when engineering and the arts work together to solve problems.  A demonstrator piece will be on display at Hanover Messe 13 – 17 April 2015.

The research team is currently seeking industry partners to develop prototypes that will undergo long-term testing on buildings at the institute, with a view to launching on the market in 2017.


Source.: Image © Bára Finnsdóttir, Weißensee School of Art Berlin


Windows and solar panels in the future could be made from one of the best — and cheapest — construction materials known: wood. Researchers at Stockholm’s KTH Royal Institute of Technology have developed a new transparent wood material that’s suitable for mass production.


Lars Berglund, a professor at Wallenberg Wood Science Center at KTH, says that while optically transparent wood has been developed for microscopic samples in the study of wood anatomy, the KTH project introduces a way to use the material on a large scale. The finding was  published in the American Chemical Society journal, Biomacromolecules.

“Transparent wood is a good material for solar cells, since it’s a low-cost, readily available and renewable resource,” Berglund says. “This becomes particularly important in covering large surfaces with solar cells.”

Lars Berglund, a professor at Wallenberg Wood Science Center at KTH, says that while optically transparent wood has been developed for microscopic samples in the study of wood anatomy, the KTH project introduces a way to use the material on a large scale. The finding was  published in the American Chemical Society journal, Biomacromolecules.

“Transparent wood is a good material for solar cells, since it’s a low-cost, readily available and renewable resource,” Berglund says. “This becomes particularly important in covering large surfaces with solar cells.”

Berglund says transparent wood panels can also be used for windows, and semitransparent facades, when the idea is to let light in but maintain privacy.

The optically transparent wood is a type of wood veneer in which the lignin, a component of the cell walls, is removed chemically.

“When the lignin is removed, the wood becomes beautifully white. But because wood isn’t not naturally transparent, we achieve that effect with some nanoscale tailoring,” he says.

The white porous veneer substrate is impregnated with a transparent polymer and the optical properties of the two are then matched, he says.

“No one has previously considered the possibility of creating larger transparent structures for use as solar cells and in buildings,” he says

Among the work to be done next is enhancing the transparency of the material and scaling up the manufacturing process, Berglund says.

“We also intend to work further with different types of wood,” he adds.

“Wood is by far the most used bio-based material in buildings. It’s attractive that the material comes from renewable sources. It also offers excellent mechanical properties, including strength, toughness, low density and low thermal conductivity.”

The project is financed by the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation.



Fire is a Chemical Reaction, with the rapid oxidation of a material in the exothermic chemical process releases heat, light, and various reactionproducts.

The fire triangle: The fire triangle identifies the three needed components of fire

1)    Fuel (something that will burn)

2)    Heat (enough to make the fuel burn)

3)    and Air (oxygen)

All three components must be present to have a fire. In more recent years, a fourth component – the uninhibited chain reaction – has been added to explain fire. In other words, the chain reaction provides the heat necessary to maintain the fire.

The removal of any part of the fire triangle heat, fuel and air (oxygen) will result in the extinguishment of the fire.

Stages of fire

  • Stage 1: Heating
  • Stage 2: Decomposition
  • Stage 3: Ignition
  • Stage 4: Combustion
  • Stage 5: Propagation

How fire spreads: Fire spreads by transferring the heat energy from the flames in three different ways.

  • Conduction:Conduction is the transmission of heat through materials. When there is sufficient heat present, it may be enough to ignite fuel through other objects. Combustible materials, for example, are most susceptible to heat transmissions.
  • Convection:This is defined as the transmission of heat within a liquid or gas and is due to their difference in density. Heated liquid or gas expands and becomes lighter, thereby becoming displaced by their heavier counterpart. When this happens, oxygen is drawn in, further inciting the chemical chain reactions. The rising gases, meanwhile, go up to fuel the upper floors.
  • Radiation:This is the transmission of heat by waves travelling until heat is absorbed by other objects. Burning buildings can radiate heat to surrounding structures, sometimes even passing through glass windows and igniting objects inside.



Four ways to put out a fire

  1. Cool the burning material
  2. Exclude oxygen
  3. Remove the fuel
  4. Break the chemical reaction

However, with the right fire retardant ACP in building façade, heat generation can be restricted by endothermic reaction. Fire retardant ACP can be used to prevent or delay the failure of steel and concrete structures exposed to fire. By choosing fire retardant ACP you can form a passive fire fighting system that will protect your property and save lives.


CHEMICAL REACTION (-CH2-) + O2 = CO2 + H20 2Al(OH)3 = Al2O3 + 3H2O Mg(OH)2 = MgO + H2O

TOLL FREE: 1800 102 0407





Designed by Amsterdam-based firm HofmanDujardin Architects and developed by renowned French manufacturer Kawneer, the Bloomframe balcony has been on the drawing board for many years now. A computer-generated demonstration caused a stir across the internet as far back as 2008, offering a tantalizing glimpse of how the product could animate the exterior of luxury skyscrapers across the globe, from Manhattan high-rises to Parisian condominiums.

Late that year, a working prototype was presented at the international construction exhibition “Batimat” in Paris. The 1:1 scale model shows an upper glass section coupled with an opaque panel that folds down to become the floor of the balcony. Engineering details for such a device have proven challenging to perfect, though, and Kawneer is continuing development to ensure the balcony is robust enough without compromising on the sleek, modern aesthetic.

At the beginning of 2016, HofmanDujardin released an updated video of the Bloomframe in an enticing new context: an entire apartment building is shown with dozens of balconies emerging and retracting across an elegant façade of glass and obsidian steel. Issues of cost and maintenance would suggest these kinetic windows will not become ubiquitous, but for high-end residential developments in New York and further afield, it may well be an attractive option for architects and clients alike.

Source from :. HofmanDujardin, Architizer


What is a tropical cyclone?


A tropical cyclone is a storm system that is characterized by a low-pressure centre which produces strong winds and flooding rain. A tropical cyclone feeds on heat released by the condensation of moist arr.

The latent heat gets converted into kinetic energy and feeds the strong winds and feeds the strong w emerging out of it. Because of its warm centre, it’s often called a warm core storm system. Cyclonic storms have counter-clockwise rotation in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise rotation in the Southern Hemisphere.

They help in the global atmospheric circulation by carrying heat and energy away from the tropics towards temperate latitudes.


How is the intensity of a tropical cyclone measured?


Recently, Fiji was hit by Winston, a Category 5 tropical cy clone, strongest ever to hit the island as well as the strongest tropical cyclone on record in the Southern Hemisphere.

Tropical cyclones are ranked according to their maximum winds.

Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is the classification system used for Atlantic and East Pacific hurricanes.

Lone that hit the island had a estimated wind speed of 185 mph.


What are the different types of tropical cyclones?


Tropical cyclones are formed in eight basins -Northern Atlantic, Northeastern Pacific, North Central Pacific, Northwestern Pacific, Northern Indian Ocean, Southwestern Indian Ocean, South and Southwestern Pacific and Southeastern Indian Ocean.

Each basin has a different naming system.

In the North Atlantic Ocean, Northwest Pacific Ocean east of the International Date Line and South Pacific Ocean, they are called hurricanes.

Typhoon is the name given in the Northwest Pacific Ocean west of the dateline.

In southwest Pacific Ocean and southeast Indian Ocean, it’s called a severe tropical cyclone. Similarly, tropical cyclones in the north Indian Ocean and southwest Indian Ocean are called severe cyclonic storm and tropical cyclone respectively.


What is a storm surge?


A storm surge is an offshore rise of water caused by the low-pressure system of a tropical cyclone. During the cyclone, high-speed winds start pushing on the ocean’s surface which piles the water up higher than sea level.

The low pressure center of the cyclone adds to the surge and the combined effect causes flooding.Storm surges are particularly damaging when they occur at the time of a high tide.


The Times of India,
Article Date : 02/22/2016



We all know that aluminium has a very good corrosion resistance. Untreated aluminium spontaneously forms a thin but strong oxide layer that resist further oxidation. Aluminium oxide is impermeable and it forms a strong bond with the parent metal. If damaged mechanically, aluminium oxide layer repairs itself immediately. This is why aluminium has good corrosion resistance properties. However, the reason why we need coating on architectural aluminium application, is to ensure the weatherability or long service life of aluminium surface.

Following are the different types of aluminium corrosion

  1. Galvanic Corrosion
  2. Pitting
  3. Crevice Corrosion
  4. Aluminium in the open air
  5. Aluminium in soil
  6. Aluminium in water
  7. Aluminium and alkaline building material
  8. Aluminium and chemicals
  9. Aluminium and dirt
  10. Aluminium and fasteners

Most common types of aluminium corrosion’s are

  • Galvanic Corrosion
  • Pitting
  • Crevice Corrosio

One more special type of corrosion is stress corrosion which leads to crack formation. It occurs in high strength alloys like AlZnMg alloys and most of the time subjected to tensile stress in the presence of a corrosive environment. This is not observed in common AlMgSi alloys.

Now as Aluminium Composite Panel manufacturer we have to ensure that aluminium alloys used as skin at the top and the bottom should perform well in terms of weather-ability or long service life. It must be understood that corrosion is primarily an aesthetic problem and practically speaking, never affects the strength of the metal itself. But it does contribute to delamination, blistering, peel-off etc., all of which contribute to failure of the ACP. Surface treatment like anodizing, painting or various coating methods counteracts corrosion in aluminium.

So, durability of aluminium can be ensured by coating only and weather-ability or long service life of ACP also depends on superior quality of coating on aluminium surface.


Smart Glass Market Growth will be driven by rising Global Energy Consumptions

By 2020 Global demand for High performance glass is set to rise as with the current trend & scenario with rising Environmental Issues in the Country. On one hand we want to build smart cities but on other hand existing Metros have very poor Air Quality.

Optimal Energy Savings is driving the smart glass market in the Commercial sector with few developers realizing the need of the country to save energy consumption for the occupied premises & save the Country’s Environment.

Despite high Energy cost the energy supply demand Gap is increasing. Switching to smart Glass for Government Building, Commercial Complex, and Residential Buildings, Schools, Hotels & even Shop fronts will optimize the consumptions.

Today’s smart glass helps a developer to achive more Light in & block the heat to largest extent.

Benefits of Smart Glass

  • Less Heat coming inside thereby increasing efficiency of the Building.
  • Saves Money on day to day Electricity consumptions.
  • More Light Entering helping in daylight planning.
  • Very Less Payback period against the initial capital investments.
  • Blocks UV rays thereby not fading the interiors like Curtains, Paints & furniture of the occupants.
  • Increases efficiency of the Façade on long term basis.




  Current Options in Efficient Glass Category

The current range available in the country for Energy Efficient Glasses from Manufacturers like Asahi are Brook Series with Blue, green & clear option with better Light transmittance & low Solar factors.

Saint Goban provides Coolite Series, Evo series, Nano Series & various other combinations of advanced products.

Pilkington offers glasses which are imported from its various manufacturing locations across North America, Europe, Middle East, South America. Pilkington Eclipse Advantage, Solar E & Solar E plus are effective in Single & double forms.

Currently Guardian being 4th Aggressive player offering SunGuard Solar Series, High performance series & high selective series from their respective plants across the globe.

With this various options available which can be easily Tempered, Double Glazed, laminated from processors across India.



One has to know that using a Energy Efficient Glass on their project, One not only reduced the consumption of Electricity but also is part of global Environment Policy as an Individual participant to save Earth.


For any further assistance mail us at

Whatsapp on 09324789080 your Requirement we can help you build a efficient façade.

 Source – AIS, Saint gobain , Pilkington & Guardian Catalogue.
Posetd on: Dec 19, 2015

NzeB- Have you heard about this?

Nearly Zero Energy Buildings is the target of European Building Policy, where by end of year 2020, all the new constructions should be consuming as minimum energy & could use more renewable sources.


How to achieve  “Nearly Zero Energy Building”

Two major factors will help you achieve

  • Adaptive Facade on buildings.
  • Onsite demand with renewable energy generations.


Adaptive Facade on Buildings

Adaptive façade is an intelligent façade which differs from normal façade as it has various variable devices that helps to act as climate moderator.

By using this façade we provide a building an ability to accept or reject energy from external environment & in turn reduce the excess energy required to keep a comfort zone internally.

How an Adaptive Façade help in creating a nearly Zero Energy Building.

  • Selection of appropriate design based on building typology & Climatic location.
  • An ideal adaptive façade is the one which is able to minimize the total energy consumption of indoor space by means of adapting thermo-optical properties to varying outdoor/ indoor environmental studies like Solar Radiation, Air temperature, Wind velocity, Internal Loads & various factors effecting the façade.
  • Extensive research being done & a 365 days energy absorption through the façade is studied on micro level basis to reduce the net heat gain / or to increase the heat gain based on climatic location.
  • This study also studies the micro consumption of energy room wise in order to assess performance of the façade.
  • Evaluation of adaptive façade is performed by means of minimizing energy consumption of building.
  • There are adaptive ceramic frittings which moveable graphical pattern that can modulate its transparency to control light, heat gain & aesthetic looks into the façade.
  • Total Energy Consumption = E heating + E cooling + E lighting.


Onsite Demand with renewable Energy generations

Onsite supply can be boosted with use of optimal Solar PV module, where in our last article we covered a recent invention of glass highly effecient than conventional solar module. These methods would boost energy productions without effecting fossil fuels & thus minimizing Co2 emissions & other green house gases effecting the earths global warming.



With energy crisis across globe & an intent to reduce carbon emissions a lot focus is driven on saving energy as it is always said in simple words

“ A unit Saved is Unit Earned”



Posetd on: Oct 16, 2015

Researchers in Japan have created an unbreakable new glass that is reportedly as strong as steel. This breakthrough could see the new material revolutionise the use of glass in buildings, cars and technology, and it should be available within five years.

The glass, whose composition is 54Al2O5-46Ta2O5, underwent strength, hardness and elasticity tests including Young’s modulus and Vickers methods. The tests revealed that the glass was twice as strong as typical glass and evidently rivalled that of steel and iron.


For more read Article Source

Posetd on: Nov 4, 2015